Awareness, Attitude and Practice of Infection Control Among Clinical Year Medical Students of a Private Medical School in Malaysia

Sandheep Sugathan


Objectives: The current research was planned to evaluate the awareness, attitude and practice of infection control among the clinical year medical students of a private medical school in Ipoh city, Perak State of Malaysia. This study was also aimed at any need for improving the curriculum in relation to infection control measures with an eye on reducing hospital acquired infections in future. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study on the awareness, attitude and practice on infection control was conducted among clinical year medical students from a private medical school in Malaysia, using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Our study revealed that those clinical students with higher levels of attitude showed a significantly higher level of practice (p-value <0.001). The respondents having good knowledge, good attitude and correct practice were 66.7%, 57.6% and 51.5% respectively. Conclusion: Awareness of clinical medical students on infection control was quite good in this research, but it was not reflecting on attitude level and practice levels of students. There was a significant association between attitude level and practice. Gender and years of exposure in clinical practice were not significant predictors.

Full Text:



World Health Organization; The burden of health care-associated infection worldwide, (accessed on 14th October 2018).

Burke JP. Infection control: a problem for patient safety. N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 651–56.

Bates DW, Larizgoitia I, Prasopa-Plaizier N, Jha AK. Global priorities for patient safety research. BMJ 2009; 338: b1775.

Pittet D, Donaldson L. Clean Care is Safer Care: a worldwide priority. Lancet 2005; 366: 1246–47.

Allegranzi B, Bagheri Nejad S, Combescure C, Graafmans W, Attar H, Donaldson L, et al. Burden of endemic health-care-associated infection in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2011;377:228-41.

Report on the endemic burden of healthcare-associated infection worldwide. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011 ( accessed 14 October 2018).

Shekelle PG, Provonost PP, Wachter RM, McDonald KM, Schoelles K, Dy SM, et al. Top 10 patient safety strategies that can be encouraged for adoption now. Ann Intern Med. 2013;58(5 Pt 2):365-8.

Ojulong J, Mitonga KH, Iipinge SN. Knowledge and attitudes of infection prevention and control among health sciences students at University of Namibia. African Health Sciences 2013; 13(4): 1071 – 1078

Allegranzi B, Pittet D. Role of hand hygiene in healthcare associated infection prevention. J Hosp Infect. 2009; 73:305-1.

Akyol AD. Hand hygiene among nurses in Turkey: opinions and practices. J Clin Nurs. 2007; 16:431-7.

Fatima Sharif, Aysha Khan, Muhammad Adeel Samad, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding infection control measures among medical students. J Pak Med Assoc. Vol. 68, No. 7, July 2018.

Dimie Ogoina, Kemebradikumo Pondei, Babatunde Adetunji, George Chima, Christian Isichei, and Sanusi Gidado. Knowledge, attitude and practice of standard precautions of infection control by hospital workers in two tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. J Infect Prev. 2015 Jan; 16(1): 16–22.

Iliyasu G, Dayyab FM, Habib ZG, Tiamiyu AB, Abubakar S, Mijinyawa MS, Habib AG. Knowledge and practices of infection control among healthcare workers in a Tertiary Referral Center in North-Western Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2016 Jan-Mar;15(1):34-40.

Awab Ali Ibrahim and Sittana Shamseldin Elshafie. Knowledge, awareness, and attitude regarding infection prevention and control among medical students: a call for educational intervention. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2016; 7: 505–510.

Nabavi M, Alavi-Moghaddam M, Gachkar L, Moeinian M. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Study on Hand Hygiene Among Imam Hossein Hospital's Residents in 2013. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015 Oct 28;17(10):e19606. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.19606. eCollection 2015 Oct.

Tenna A, Stenehjem EA, Margoles L, Kacha E, Blumberg HM, Kempker RR. Infection control knowledge, attitudes, and practices among healthcare workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2013 Dec;34(12):1289-96. doi: 10.1086/673979. Epub 2013 Oct.

Ojulong J, Mitonga KH, Iipinge SN. Knowledge and attitudes of infection prevention and control among health sciences students at University of Namibia. Afr Health Sci. 2013 Dec;13(4):1071-8. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v13i4.30.

Tavolacci Marie-Pierre, Ladner Joël, Bailly Laurent, Merle Véronique, Pitrou Isabelle, Czernichow Pierre. Prevention of Nosocomial Infection and Standard Precautions: Knowledge and Source of Information Among Healthcare Students. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 2008;29(7):642–647.


  • There are currently no refbacks.