Teenager’s Thought is Related to Self-Control in Safe Smartphone Use During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Rizki Fitryasari, Rr Dian Tristiana, Ah Yusuf


Introduction: The use of smartphones in the Covid-19 pandemic era is an inevitable phenomenon, including for teenager who participated in online learning. The inability to control themselves independently in using smartphone-based devices is a risk factor for gadget addiction. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between teenagers' thoughts and self-control in safe smartphone use in the Covid-19 pandemic era. Methods: This study was a descriptive correlation design based on a cross-sectional approach. The population was teenagers aged 11-18 years in Surabaya, Indonesia who had participated in online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. The purposive sampling was conducted and gained 185 respondents. The study variables were teenagers' thoughts and self-control in using smartphones. The instrument used was a questionnaire and the data were analyzed using the Spearmen Rank test. Results: The statistical test results showed that a good thought of teenagers was related to high self-control in using a smartphone (p = 0.000, r =0.371). Conclusion: The teenager’s thought in smartphone usage was formed based on benefits, barrier, beliefs, and the consequences of online learning activities. The teenagers’ awareness will lead to a good self-control for limiting the smartphones usage independently. Further research should be focused on the development of a safe smartphone usage guidance that can assist teens to be able to use the smartphone safely.

Full Text:



A. Lenhart, “Mobile Access Shifts Social Media Use and Other Online Activities,” Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/09/mobile-accessshifts-social-media-use-and-other-online-activities/. [Accessed: 24-Oct-2020].

E. Cocorada, C. I. Maican, A. M. Cazan, and M. . Maican, “Assessing the smartphone addiction risk and its associations with personality traits among adolescents,” Child. Youth Serv. Rev. 93, vol. 345–354, 2018.

M. Fauzi, A. Yusuf, and Mundakir, “Predictive Risk Factors of Smartphone Addiction in Adolescents: A Systematic Review,” J. Ners, vol. 14, no. 3, 2019.

A. Bandura, Self efficacy : The Exercise of Control. New York: W. H. Freeman & Company, 2002.

M. N. Gufron and R. Riswanita, Psychology Theorys. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Ar Ruzz Media, 2010.

Prawirohardjo and Sarwono, Midwivery Science. Jakarta: Bina Pustaka, 2005.

Indonesian Ministery of Health, The situation of Adolescent Health. Jakarta: INFODATIN Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2015.

J. Sun, Q. Liu, and S. Yu, “Child neglect, psychological abuse and smartphone addiction among Chinese adolescents: The roles of emotional intelligence and coping style,” Comput. Human Behav., vol. 90, no. September 2017, pp. 74–83, 2018.

B. Zimmerman, Attaining Self-Regulation. Handbook of Self-Regulation. New York, 2000.

A. J. A. M. Van Deursen, C. L. Bolle, S. M. Hegner, and P. A. M. Kommers, “Modeling habitual and addictive smartphone behavior: The role of smartphone usage types, emotional intelligence, social stress, self-regulation, age, and gender,” Comput. Human Behav., vol. 45, pp. 411–420, 2015.

X. Li, D. Li, and J. Newman, “Parental Behavioral and Psychological Control and Problematic Internet Use Among Chinese Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Self-Control,” Cyberpsychology, Behav. Soc. Netw., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 442–447, 2013.

P. Daniela, “The Relationship Between Self-Regulation , Motivation And Performance At Secondary School Students,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 191, pp. 2549–2553, 2015.

J. S. Chun, “Conceptualizing effective interventions for smartphone addiction among Korean female adolescents,” Child. Youth Serv. Rev., vol. 84, no. November 2017, pp. 35–39, 2018.

C. Lee and S. J. Lee, “Prevalence and predictors of smartphone addiction proneness among Korean adolescents,” Child. Youth Serv. Rev., vol. 77, no. April, pp. 10–17, 2017.

M. Kaur, K. Singh, and N. A. Samah, “Impact of Smartphone : A Review on Positive and Negative Effects on Students,” vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 83–89, 2018.

S. Haug, R. P. Castro, M. Kwon, A. Filler, T. Kowatsch, and M. P. Schaub, “Smartphone use and smartphone addiction among young people in Switzerland,” J. Behav. Addict., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 299–307, 2015.

A. Peker, “An examination of the relationship between self‐control andcCyber victimization in adolescents,” Eurasian J. Educ. Res., vol. 67, pp. 1–15, 2017.

Moilanen, L. Kristin, Rasmussen, E. Katie, Padilla-walker, and M. Laura, “Bidirectional associations between self-regulation and parenting styles in early adolescence,” J. Res. Adolesc., vol. XXX, no. X, pp. 1–17, 2014.

V. Allom, G. Panetta, B. Mullan, and M. S. Hagger, “Self-report and behavioural approaches to the measurement of self-control : Are we assessing the same construct ?,” Pers. Individ. Dif., vol. 90, pp. 137–142, 2016.

K. Mitchell, L. Jones, D. Finkelhor, and J. Wolak, “Trends in Unwanted Online Experiences and Sexting : Final Report,” Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://scholars.unh.edu/ccrc/49.


  • There are currently no refbacks.